Could different history change science?
If the library at Alexandria had not burned down during Cleopatra’s reign, many of the scientific advances recorded by the Egyptians could have been the bases of further advances, especdially in food production and medicine.
Human mortality rate would have improved geometrically and the population of the earth would be about 12 billion by now.
Also, due to advances and discoveries advantageous to human needs, shipping and travel technology would have been developed much earlier resulting in the discoveries and settling of the western hemisphere.
That library fire was a terrible disaster for science.
Science is the same.
What could change is the rate of discovery of new things.
But science wouldn’t be changed by different history.